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Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway)

Overview of the case

The Judgment delivered by the Court in this case ended a long controversy between the United Kingdom and Norway which had aroused considerable interest in other maritime States. In 1935 Norway enacted a decree by which it reserved certain fishing grounds situated off its northern coast for the exclusive use of its own fishermen. The question at issue was whether this decree, which laid down a method for drawing the baselines from which the width of the Norwegian territorial waters had to be calculated, was valid international law. This question was rendered particularly delicate by the intricacies of the Norwegian coastal zone, with its many fjords, bays, islands, islets and reefs. The United Kingdom contended, inter alia, that some of the baselines fixed by the decree did not accord with the general direction of the coast and were not drawn in a reasonable manner. In its Judgment of 18 December 1951, the Court found that, contrary to the submissions of the United Kingdom, neither the method nor the actual baselines stipulated by the 1935 Decree were contrary to international law.


This overview is provided for information only and in no way involves the responsibility of the Court.

Institution of proceedings

Written proceedings

Oral proceedings

Verbatim record 1951/1

Minutes of the Public Sittings held at the Peace Palace, The Hague, from September 25th to October 29th, and on December 18th, 1951, President Basdevant presiding
Available in:
Original Language

Other documents

Orders

Order of 9 November 1949

Fixing of time-limits: Memorial and Counter-Memorial, Reply and Rejoinder
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 29 March 1950

Extension of time-limits: Counter-Memorial, Reply and Rejoinder
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 4 October 1950

Extension of time-limits: Reply and Rejoinder
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 10 January 1951

Extension of time-limit: Rejoinder
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Judgments

Summaries of Judgments and Orders

Summary 1951/3

Summary of the Judgment of 18 December 1951
Available in:
English French

Press releases

Press release 1949/21

9 November 1949
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Order fixing the time-limits of the filing of the written pleadings
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/2

10 January 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Order extending the time-limit for the filing, by Norway, of its Rejoinder
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/29

22 September 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Representatives of the Parties at the public hearings opening on 25 September 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/30

25 September 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearing of 25 September 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/31

26 September 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 26 September 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/32

27 September 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 27 September 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/33

28 September 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 28 September 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/34

29 September 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 29 September 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/35

1 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 1 October 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/36

5 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 5 October 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/37

6 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearing of 6 October 1951 (Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/38

8 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 8 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/39

9 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 9 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/40

10 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 10 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/41

11 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 11 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/42

12 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 12 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/43

13 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearing of 13 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/44
(French version only)

15 October 1951
Pêcheries (Royaume-Uni c. Norvège) - Audiences publiques du 15 octobre 1951 (French version only)
Available in:
French

Press release 1951/45

17 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 17 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/46

18 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 18 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/47

19 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 19 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/48

20 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearing of 20 October 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/49

24 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearing of 24 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/50

25 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 25 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/51

26 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearings of 26 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/52

27 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearing of 27 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/53

29 October 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Public hearing of 29 October 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/56

14 December 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - The Court will deliver its Judgment on 18 December 1951(Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/58

18 December 1951
Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway) - Judgment of the Court of 18 December 1951
Available in:
English French

Correspondence

Correspondence

28 September 1949
Correspondence
Available in:
English French