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Permanent Court of International Justice

Series A: Collection of Judgments (1923-1930)
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Français

Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway)

Overview of the case

Certain Norwegian loans had been floated in France between 1885 and 1909. The bonds securing them stated the amount of the obligation in gold, or in currency convertible into gold, as well as in various national currencies. From the time when Norway suspended the convertibility of its currency into gold — on several occasions after 1914 — the loans had been serviced in Norwegian kroner. The French Government, espousing the cause of the French bondholders, filed an Application requesting the Court to declare that the debt should be discharged by payment of the gold value of the coupons of the bonds on the date of payment and of the gold value of the redeemed bonds on the date of repayment. The Norwegian Government raised a number of preliminary objections to the jurisdiction of the Court and, in the Judgment it delivered on 6 July 1957, the Court found that it was without jurisdiction to adjudicate on the dispute. Indeed, the Court held that, since its jurisdiction depended upon the two unilateral declarations made by the Parties, jurisdiction was conferred upon the Court only to the extent to which those declarations coincided in conferring it. The Norwegian Government, which had considered the dispute to fall entirely within its national jurisdiction, was therefore entitled, by virtue of the condition of reciprocity, to invoke in its own favour, and under the same conditions, the reservation contained in the French declaration which excluded from the jurisdiction of the Court differences relating to matters which were “essentially within the national jurisdiction as understood by the Government of the French Republic”.


This overview is provided for information only and in no way involves the responsibility of the Court.

Institution of proceedings

Written proceedings

Memorial submitted by the Government of the French Republic
(French version only)

20 December 1955
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
French

Preliminary Objections submitted by the Government of the Kingdom of Norway
(French version only)

20 April 1956
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
French

Observations and Submissions of the Government of the French Republic on the Norwegian Objections
(French version only)

31 August 1956
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
French

Reply of the Government of the French Republic (including arguments on preliminary objections joined to the merits)
(French version only)

20 February 1957
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
French

Rejoinder of the Royal Government of Norway
(French version only)

25 April 1957
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
French

Oral proceedings

Verbatim record 1957

Minutes of the Public Sittings held at the Peace Palace, The Hague, from May 13th to 28th and on July 6th, 1957, the President, Mr. Hackworth, presiding
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
Original Language

Other documents

Orders

Order of 19 September 1955

Fixing of time-limits: Memorial and Counter-Memorial
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 24 April 1956

Fixing of time-limit: Written Statement of observations and submissions on Preliminary Objections
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 29 May 1956

Extension of time-limit: Written Statement of observations and submissions on Preliminary Objections
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 28 September 1956

Joinder of Objections to the merits, fixing of time-limits: Counter-Memorial, Reply and Rejoinder
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Judgments

Summaries of Judgments and Orders

Summary 1957/2

Summary of the Judgment of 6 July 1957
Available in:
English French

Press releases

Press release 1955/33

8 July 1955
The Government of the French Republic files an Application against the Government of the Government of the Kingdom of Norway
Available in:
English French

Press release 1955/34

24 September 1955
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Time-limits for the filing of the Memorial and the Counter-Memorial
Available in:
English French

Press release 1956/9

31 May 1956
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - The Court decides to postpone the examination of the case at the request of the Norwegian Government
Available in:
English French

Press release 1956/15

28 September 1956
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - The Court joins to the merits the preliminary objections raised by the Government of Norway and fixes the time-limits for the filing of the further pleadings
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/3

8 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Representatives of the Parties at the oral hearings which will begin on May 13th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/4

13 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sittings of May 13th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/5

14 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sittings of May 14th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/6

15 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sittings of May 15th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/7

17 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sittings of May 17th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/8

20 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sittings of May 20th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/9

21 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sittings of May 21st, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/10

22 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sittings of May 22th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/11

23 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sitting of May 23rd, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/12

24 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sitting of May 24th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/13

27 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sitting of May 25th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/14

28 May 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Sitting of May 28th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/15

3 July 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - The Court will read its Judgment on Saturday, July 6th, 1957
Available in:
English French

Press release 1957/16

6 July 1957
Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway) - Judgment
Available in:
English French

Correspondence

Correspondence

6 July 1955
Correspondence
Available in:
English French