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Français

Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America)

Overview of the case

A certain quantity of monetary gold was removed by the Germans from Rome in 1943. It was later recovered in Germany and found to belong to Albania. The 1946 Agreement on Reparation from Germany provided that monetary gold found in Germany should be pooled for distribution among the countries entitled to receive a share of it. The United Kingdom claimed that the gold should be delivered to it in partial satisfaction of the Court’s Judgment of 1949 in the Corfu Channel case. Italy claimed that the gold should be delivered to it in partial satisfaction for the damage which it alleged it had suffered as a result of an Albanian law of 13 January 1945. In the Washington statement of 25 April 1951, the Governments of France, the United Kingdom and the United States, to whom the implementation of the reparations agreement had been entrusted, decided that the gold should be delivered to the United Kingdom unless, within a certain time-limit, Italy or Albania applied to the Court requesting it to adjudicate on their respective rights. Albania took no action, but Italy made an Application to the Court. Later, however, Italy raised the preliminary question as to whether the Court had jurisdiction to adjudicate upon the validity of its claim against Albania. In its Judgment of 15 June 1954, the Court found that, without the consent of Albania, it could not deal with a dispute between that country and Italy and that it was therefore unable to decide the questions submitted.


This overview is provided for information only and in no way involves the responsibility of the Court.

Institution of proceedings

Written proceedings

Preliminary Objection by the Italian Government
(French version only)

30 October 1953
Procedure(s): Questions of jurisdiction and/or admissibility
Available in:
French

Statement of the Italian Government on the Preliminary Objection on Jurisdiction of the Court
(French version only)

12 December 1953
Procedure(s): Questions of jurisdiction and/or admissibility
Available in:
French

Observations of the Government of the French Republic
(French version only)

15 March 1954
Procedure(s): Questions of jurisdiction and/or admissibility
Available in:
French

Oral proceedings

Verbatim record 1954

Minutes of the Public Sittings held at the Peace Palace, The Hague, from May 10th to 14th and on June 15th 1953, the President, Sir Arnold Mc Nair, presiding at the opening of the hearing, and Vice-President, M. Guerrero, acting President, presiding in the case of the Monetary Gold removed from Rome in 1943
Procedure(s): Questions of jurisdiction and/or admissibility
Available in:
Original Language

Orders

Order of 1 July 1953

Fixing of time-limits: Memorial and Counter-Memorial
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 3 November 1953

Fixing of time-limit: Written Statement on Preliminary Objection and Written Statements of observations and submissions on Preliminary Objection
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 26 January 1954

Extension of time-limit: Written Statements of observations and submissions on Preliminary Objection
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Judgments

Summaries of Judgments and Orders

Summary 1954/1

Summary of the Judgment of 15 June 1954
Available in:
English French

Press releases

Press release 1953/12

20 May 1953
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America) - The Italian Government files an Application instituting proceedings against the Governments of France, the United Kingdom and the United States of America
Available in:
English

Press release 1953/13

9 July 1953
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America) - Fixing of the time-limits for the filing of pleadings
Available in:
English French

Press release 1953/35

4 November 1953
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America) - The Italian Government deposits a document entitled "Question préliminaire"
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/3

29 April 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - Representatives of the Parties at the hearings which will begin on May 10th, 1954
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/4

10 May 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - Hearings of May 10th, 1954
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/5

11 May 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - Sitting of May 11th, 1954
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/6

12 May 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - Sittings of May 12th, 1954
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/7

13 May 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - Sitting of May 13th, 1954
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/8

14 May 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - Sitting of May 14th, 1954
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/11

10 June 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - The Court will pronounce its Judgment on Tuesday, June 15th, 1954
Available in:
English French

Press release 1954/15

15 June 1954
Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States) - Judgment
Available in:
English French

Correspondence

Correspondence

19 May 1953
Correspondence
Available in:
English French