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Français

Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran)

Overview of the case

In 1933 an oil concession agreement was concluded between the Government of Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. In 1951, laws were passed in Iran for the nationalization of the oil industry. These laws resulted in a dispute between Iran and the company. The United Kingdom took up the company’s case and instituted proceedings before the Court. Iran disputed the Court’s jurisdiction. In its Judgment of 22 July 1952, the Court decided that it had no jurisdiction to deal with the dispute. Its jurisdiction depended on the declarations by Iran and the United Kingdom accepting the Court’s compulsory jurisdiction under Article 36, paragraph 2, of the Court’s Statute. The Court held that the declaration by Iran, which was ratified in 1932, covered only disputes based on treaties concluded by Iran after that date, whereas the claim of the United Kingdom was directly or indirectly based on treaties concluded prior to 1932. The Court also rejected the view that the agreement of 1933 was both a concessionary contract between Iran and the company and an international treaty between Iran and the United Kingdom, since the United Kingdom was not a party to the contract. The position was not altered by the fact that the concessionary contract was negotiated through the good offices of the Council of the League of Nations. By an Order of 5 July 1951, the Court had indicated interim measures of protection, that is, provisional measures for protecting the rights alleged by either party, in proceedings already instituted, until a final judgment was given. In its Judgment, the Court declared that the Order had ceased to be operative.


This overview is provided for information only and in no way involves the responsibility of the Court.

Institution of proceedings

Written proceedings

Request for the Indication of Interim Measures of Protection

22 June 1951
Procedure(s): Provisional measures
Available in:
English French

Preliminary Observations: Refusal by the Imperial Government of Iran to accept the jurisdiction of the Court
(French version only)

4 February 1952
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
French

Oral proceedings

Verbatim record 1951

Minutes of the Public Sittings held at the Peace Palace, The Hague, on June 30th and July 5th, 1951, the President, M. Basdevant, presiding
Procedure(s): Provisional measures
Available in:
Original Language

Verbatim record 1952

Minutes of the Public sittings held at the Peace Palace, from June 9th to 23rd and July 22rd, 1952, the Vice-President, Mr Guerrero, acting as President
Procedure(s): Preliminary objections
Available in:
Original Language

Other documents

Orders

Order of 5 July 1951

Fixing of time-limits: Memorial and Counter-Memorial
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 5 July 1951

Request for the indication of interim measures of protection
Procedure(s): Provisional measures
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 22 August 1951

Extension of time-limits: Memorial and Counter-Memorial
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 20 December 1951

Extension of time-limit: Counter-Memorial
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Order of 11 February 1952

Fixing of time-limit: Written Statement of observations and submissions on preliminary objection
Available in:
English French Bilingual

Judgments

Summaries of Judgments and Orders

Summary 1952/2

Summary of the Judgment of 22 July 1952
Available in:
English French

Press releases

Press release 1951/22

28 May 1951
Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - Filing, by the United Kingdom, of an Application instituting proceedings against Iran
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/26

25 June 1951
Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - The Court will hold a public hearings on 30 June 1951
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/28

27 August 1951
Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - Order extending the time-limits for the filing of the Memorial of the United Kingdom and the Counter-Memorial of Iran
Available in:
English French

Press release 1951/54

8 December 1951
Anglo Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - Iran appoints H.E. Hossein Navab as Agent (Bilingual version)
Available in:
English French

Press release 1952/1

1 February 1952
Anglo Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - The Government of Iran files a document entitled "Preliminary observations: refusal by the Imperial Government to recognize the jurisdiction of the Court"
Available in:
English French

Press release 1952/2

28 March 1952
Anglo Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - The hearings will begin on Tuesday, May 6th, at 11 o'clock
Available in:
English French

Press release 1952/3

8 April 1952
Anglo Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - The date of the opening of the hearings is postponed
Available in:
English French

Press release 1952/11

21 May 1952
Anglo Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - The opening of oral proceedings has been fixed for Monday, June 9th, 1952
Available in:
English French

Press release 1952/12

6 June 1952
Anglo Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - Delegations of the Parties for the oral hearings
Available in:
English French

Press release 1952/16

19 July 1952
Anglo Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - The Judgment will be read on 22nd July, 1952, at 5 p.m.
Available in:
English French

Press release 1952/17

22 July 1952
Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) - Judgment
Available in:
English French

Correspondence

Correspondence

26 May 1951
Correspondence
Available in:
English French