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Declarations Recognizing the Jurisdiction of the Court as Compulsory

The States parties to the Statute of the Court may "at any time declare that they recognize as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, in relation to any other State accepting the same obligation, the jurisdiction of the Court" (Art 36, para. 2 of the Statute).

Each State which has recognized the compulsory jurisdiction of the Court has in principle the right to bring any one or more other State which has accepted the same obligation before the Court by filing an application instituting proceedings with the Court, and, conversely, it has undertaken to appear before the Court should proceedings be instituted against it by one or more such other States.

The Declarations Recognizing as Compulsory the Jurisdiction of the Court take the form of a unilateral act of the State concerned and are deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

The texts of declarations under Article 36, paragraph 2, of the Statute, which, based on the information provided by the depository, had not expired by effluxion of time, or whose withdrawal or replacement had not been notified by 28 September 2014 will be found below. The fact that a declaration is or is not included in this section, is without prejudice to its possible application by the Court in a particular case.

In view of the provisions of Article 36, paragraph 5, of the Statute of the International Court of Justice, the present section also contains the texts of declarations made under the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice which have not lapsed or been withdrawn. There are now six such declarations.

The declarations, deposited by a total of 70 States, are given here in English. Where this is not the original language of the declaration, the translations used, except where otherwise indicated, are by the Secretariat of the United Nations or of the League of Nations.

The following declaration have been filed with the Secretary-General of the United Nations (the date shown after the name of the State is that on which the declaration was deposited) :

    Nicaragua

24 September 1929

[Translation from the French]

On behalf of the Republic of Nicaragua I recognize as compulsory unconditionally the jurisdiction of the Permanent Court of International Justice.

Geneva, 24 September 1929.

(Signed) T. F. MEDINA.

24 October 2001

Reservation (1)

Nicaragua will not accept the jurisdiction or competence of the International Court of Justice in relation to any matter or claim based on interpretations of treaties or arbitral awards that were signed and ratified or made, respectively, prior to 31 December 1901.

Managua, 23 October 2001.

(Signed) Francisco X. AGUIRRE SACASA



(1) This is the text of the reservation as received by the Secretary-General of the United Nations by letter of 23 October 2001. The first paragraph of that letter read as follows:

"I have the honour to inform you and, through you, all the States parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat of the Court, of the reservation made to Nicaragua's voluntary acceptance of the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice by Presidential Decision N°335-2001 of 22 October 2001, issued by the President of the Republic, Mr. Arnoldo Aleman Lacayo, the text of which is as follows:..."

On 9 January 2002, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Costa Rica a communication transmitting the text of a formal objection to the reservation formulated by Nicaragua.
On 23 October 2002, the Permanent Mission of Costa Rica to the United Nations notified the Secretary-General of an Agreement of 26 September 2002 between the Governments of Nicaragua and of Costa Rica by which Nicaragua (inter alia) "undertakes to maintain, for a period of three years from today's date, the legal status existing on today's date with respect to its declaration of acceptance of the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice".

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