International Court of Justice

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Current Members

 

Judge Xue Hanqin

(Member of the Court since 29 June 2010; re-elected as from 6 February 2012)

Born in Shanghai, China, on 15 September 1955.

B.A., Beijing Foreign Language Studies University (1980); Diploma of International law, Beijing University, Department of Law (1982); LL.M., Columbia University School of Law (1983); J.S.D., Columbia University School of Law (1995).

Professor at Wuhan University School of Law. Vice-President and Board member, Chinese Society of International Law. Vice-President Chinese Society of Private International Law. Associate, Institut de droit international (2005). Member, Institut de droit international (since 2009). President, Asian Society of International Law. Member of the Curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law (since 2010).

Entered the Foreign Ministry of China (1980). Deputy Director-General, Department of Treaty and Law, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1994-1999). Director-General, Department of Treaty and Law, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1999-2003). Ambassador of China to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and Permanent Representative of China to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (2003-2008). Ambassador to ASEAN, Legal Counsel of the Ministry, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China (2008-2010). Member of the International Law Commission (elected in 2001 and re-elected in 2006 by the United Nations General Assembly for the term 2007-2011). Chairman of the International Law Commission (2010).

Member of the Chinese delegation, United Nations Special Committee on the Charter and the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (1982, 1990, 1993). Member of the Chinese delegation, United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and its Legal Sub-Committee (1980-1984). Delegation legal adviser, IAEA Legal Experts meeting on the drafting of the two conventions on early notification and emergency assistance (1986). Member of the Chinese delegation, Sixth Committee, United Nations General Assembly (1986-1987). Member of the Chinese delegation, ICAO Legal Committee meeting on the drafting of the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at International Airports, Supplementary to the Montreal Convention (1987-1988). Member of the Chinese delegation, Third Committee, United Nations General Assembly (1993). Legal expert, Meeting of Legal Experts on the establishment of the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (1993). Head of the Chinese delegation, experts meeting on the United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property (1994). Head of the Chinese delegation, The Hague Conference on Private International Law, meeting on the question of the application of the Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (1994). Head of the Chinese delegation, United Nations meeting on the protection of the safety of United Nations Personnel and Associated Personnel (1994). Head of the Chinese delegation, INCD meetings on United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (1995). Head of the Chinese delegation, Framework Convention on Climate Change meeting, Berlin Mandate (1996). Deputy-Head of the Chinese delegation presenting national report on implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1996). Member of the Chinese delegation, The Hague Conference on Private International Law, meeting on the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments (1998). Head of the Chinese delegation, legal experts meeting on the drafting of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (1998-1999). Deputy-Head of the Chinese delegation, presenting national report on implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1999). Chairperson, Informal Advisory Group on the admission of the European Community to The Hague Conference (2004). Vice-chairperson, twentieth session of The Hague Conference of Private International Law (2005).

Head of the Chinese delegation, negotiation with the United Kingdom Government on legal matters relating to Hong Kong, particularly matters regarding the continued application of international conventions and treaties as well as special arrangements of bilateral agreements in certain fields after 1997. Head of the Chinese delegation, negotiation and conclusion with a number of States of treaties on judicial assistance in civil and criminal matters, and of treaties on extradition. Chief negotiator, negotiations with the Bank for International Settlements on the Host Country Agreement on the Establishment of the Branch Office of the Bank in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Head of the Chinese delegation, negotiations with the Portuguese Government on legal matters relating to Macao, especially with regard to the legal arrangement of the continued application of international conventions and agreements after 1999. Chief negotiator, negotiations with the United States on property damages arising from United States bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia. Head of the Chinese delegation working group on delimitation of the maritime boundaries of territorial sea, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of Beibu Gulf between China and Viet Nam.

Publications on international law include International Law, Wang Tieya, ed., Law Press, Beijing, 1995; A Complete Compilation of Treaties on Trade and Economy between China and Foreign Countries (co-editor), Xinhua Publishing House, Beijing, 1996; Commentary on the Charter of the United Nations (co-editor), Shanxi Publishing House, 1999; International Law, Shao Jin, ed., Beijing University Press and Higher Education Press, Beijing, 2000 ("State Responsibility" chapter); Transboundary Damage in International Law, Cambridge University Press, 2003; National Treaty Law and Practice, Duncan B. Hollis, Merritt R. Blakeslee & L. Benjamin Ederington, eds., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, London/Boston, 2005 (Chap. 5 on China).

Author of numerous articles on various subjects on international law, amongst which "On Outer Space Law Issues" (co-author), in Studies of International Affairs, Vol. 4, 1983; "The Twenty-third Session of the Legal Sub-committee of the Outer Space Committee", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 1985; "A Comparative Study of the Legal Regimes of the ‘Common Resources’", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 1986; "Commentary on the Two Nuclear Safety Conventions", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 1987; "International Law Issues in the Kokaryo Case", in Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 1988; "Relativity in International Water Law", Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1992; "Transboundary Damage in International Law", Peace, Justice and Law, a collection of papers on international law in honour of Professor Wang Tieya, 1993; "The Role of the United Nations in the Development of International Law", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 1995; "On Sustainable Development", in Pacific Journal, Vol. 4, 1997; "The Collective Concept in State Responsibility" (panel speech on State responsibility at the annual session of the American Society of International Law, 15 March 2002), Proceedings of the 96th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, 2002; "The Fifty-fourth Session of the International Law Commission", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 2003; "What Has Been Changed?" (a contribution to Agora: Is the Nature of the International Legal System Changing?), Austrian Review of International and European Law, Vol. 8, 2003; "The Fifty-fifth Session of the International Law Commission", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 2004; "State Responsibility and erga omnes obligation", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 2004; "China’s Open Policy and International Law" (lecture initiated by the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, September 2004), Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2005; "The Fifty-sixth Session of the International Law Commission", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 2005; "The Fifty-seventh Session of the International Law Commission", Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 2006; "Chinese Observations on International Law" (lecture delivered at Grotius Centre of International Law on 1 November 2006), Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2007; "Fragmented Law or Fragmented Order?" (speech at the Post-ILC Debate on Fragmentation of International Law Conference, 23-24 February 2007, Helsinki), Finnish Yearbook of International Law, Vol. XVII, 2006; "International Treaties in the Chinese Domestic Legal System", Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol. 8, No. 2, July 2009.