International Court of Justice

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Current Members


Judge Raymond Ranjeva

(Member of the Court from 6 February 1991 to 5 February 2009 ; Vice-President from 6 February 2003 to 5 February 2006) *

Born in Antananarivo, Madagascar, on 31 August 1942.

Member (2002-2005) and then President (2005) of the Chamber formed by the International Court of Justice to deal with the case concerning the Frontier Dispute (Benin/Niger). Senior judge of the Court since February 2006.

Bachelor’s degree in law (1965), University of Madagascar, Antananarivo. Diplôme from Madagascar National School of Administration (1966). Trainee in the Judicial Division of the Conseil d’Etat, Paris (1965-1966). Diplôme d’études supérieures de sciences politiques, University of Paris, Faculty of Law and Economic Science (1966). Diplôme d’études supérieures de droit public, University of Madagascar (1967). Doctorate of Law, University of Paris II (thesis: “La succession d’organisations internationales en Afrique”). Agrégé of the Faculties of Law and Economics, Public Law and Political Science section, Paris (1972).

Doctor honoris causa of the Universities of Limoges and Strasbourg. Laureate of the University of Madagascar, of the National Association of Doctors of Law and of the Madagascar National School of Administration.

Civil Administrator (1966). Assistant (1966-1972), Lecturer (1972) and Professor (1981-1991) at the University of Madagascar. Professor at the Madagascar Military Academy and at the Madagascar National School of Administration. Director of the Public Law and Political Science Study Centre. Dean of the Faculty of Law, Economics, Management and Social Sciences of the University of Madagascar (1982-1986); reappointment in 1986. First Rector of the University of Antananarivo (1988-1990). Associate or visiting lecturer at several universities abroad: University of Aix-Marseille III, Bordeaux I, Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne), Paris II (Panthéon-Assas), the Institute of Advanced International Studies, La Réunion and Burundi, and the Free University of Brussels. Director of the French-speaking research seminar at the Hague Academy of International Law (1987); gave a course at the Hague Academy of International Law in 1997. Member (Ouagadougou, 1988) and President (Cotonou, 1992) of the Board of Agrégation Examiners of the African and Malagasy Council on Higher Education.

Conciliator at the World Bank International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes since 1970. Member of the Malagasy delegations to several international conferences: Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea; Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and the Law of the Sea Tribunal; United Nations General Assembly (1979-1990); Non-Aligned Countries (1979); Conference of States which use French (1987); Head of the Malagasy delegation to the United Nations Conference on Succession of States in respect of Treaties, Vienna (1976-1977); Member of the Malagasy delegation responsible for negotiating the revision of the co-operation agreements with France (1973); First Vice-President for Africa of the International Conference of French-Speaking Faculties of Law and Political Science (1987-1991).

Counsel to the Republic of Mali in the case concerning the Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso/Republic of Mali) before the International Court of Justice.

Consultant for Madagascar on the amicable settlement of the transfer to the State of the activities of Eau-Electricité de Madagascar and Electricité de France (1973) and in the case of Seditex International GmbH Hamburg/Republic of Madagascar.

Co-opted Member and Arbitrator of the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

Member and Vice-President of the Malagasy Academy of Sciences, Literature and Arts (1974); President of the ethics and political science section (1976-1991). Managing Director of JURECO: legal, economic and financial databank — research and advisory bodies (1986-1990). Editor of the periodical Lettre mensuelle de Jureco (1986-1988).

Member of the Board of the French Society of International Law. Member of the Quebec Society of International Law. Member of the Governing Body of the African Society of International and Comparative Law. Member of the Scientific Council of the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUPELF-UREF). Associate Member of the Institute of International Law.

Member of the National Constitutional Committee (1975). Founding Member of the Malagasy Human Rights Committee (1971).

Member of the Papal Council for Justice and Peace. Legal Adviser to the Catholic Bishops Conference, Madagascar.

Secretary-General of the Malagasy Legal Studies Society.

Commander of the National Order of Madagascar. Chevalier of the Madagascar Order of Merit. Officer of the National Order of Mali. Six Honours.

Author of numerous books, essays, articles and of addresses at several conferences.

* Biography up to 5 February 2009